Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace lead the United Kingdom’s iconic landmarks. The former, situated in Berkshire, is nine centuries old and the oldest occupied castle globally. Meanwhile, Buckingham Palace in London is the British monarch's official residence. Read on to learn more about these historic monuments.
Buckingham Palace is the grand and royal London residence of the British monarch. It is the UK’s most valuable building and a testament to the country’s culture, history, and ethos.
Major highlight: Buckingham Palace’s Throne Room bleeds luxury. Every element in the room, including the raised platform and red and gold chairs, ooze grandiosity.
Timings: 9:30 AM to 7:30 PM (14 July to 31 August), 9:30 AM to 6:30 PM (1 to 24 September)
Location: London SW1A 1AA | Find on Map
Buckingham Palace is much bigger than Windsor Castle, measuring 108 meters by 24 meters compared to Windsor’s 48 meters by 24 meters.
Buckingham Palace beats Windsor Castle when it comes to gardens. The former has the largest garden in London, spread over 39 acres.
Windsor Castle is the elder of the two. It is over 900 years old, while Buckingham Palace’s history can be traced back to the early 18th century.
One other difference between Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace is that the former is fortified but Buckingham Palace isn’t.
Grand Reception Room: Windsor Castle’s Grand Reception Room is decorated with grand chandeliers and invaluable gold.
Waterloo Chambers: George IV added the Waterloo Chamber to the State Apartments to celebrate Napoleon Bonaparte’s defeat in 1815.
Historic Rooms: Built for Charles II and his Queen, Catherine of Braganza, the Historic rooms are a series of rooms that grow smaller as you approach the main private spaces.
Semi-State Rooms: George IV created the Semi-State Rooms, the private apartments of the royals, while Morel & Seddon did the interiors.
The State Rooms: Monarchs and members of the Royal Family are received and entertained at the State Rooms.
The Throne Room: The Throne Room, designed by architect John Nash, houses the UK monarch's throne.
The Ballroom: The largest of the State Rooms in Buckingham Palace, the Ballroom was completed in 1855 during Queen Victoria’s reign. It is used for official purposes like State Banquets.
The Picture Gallery: Another John Nash creation, the Picture Gallery inside Buckingham Palace displays the greatest paintings in the Royal Collection.
Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace differ in size, age, opening times, and other factors. The former is smaller than Buckingham Palace but is older by over six centuries.
Windsor Castle is older than Buckingham Palace. It was built nine centuries ago whereas Buckingham Palace was finished at the start of the 18th century.
Yes, both Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace are open to the public. The former is open for a longer period than Buckingham Palace.
Ceremonial and state visits, family-guided tours, and coronations happen at Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace.
Windsor Castle is the official residence of the British monarch. Buckingham Palace is the administrative headquarters.